During the Timurid era the Naqsh-e Jahan square was made in smaller size. This field was expanded to the present form of Shah Abbas I. Most of the buildings around this square were also built during this period. As the capital of the country moved from Isfahan to Shiraz, the importance of the World’s Square became less and less important.
History of the Naqsh-e Jahan Square
The square and its surrounding buildings were mostly destroyed during the Qajar period, but with the coming of the Pahlavi government, all the buildings around the square were completely repaired. To date, these buildings are being constantly refurbished and repaired. The site of the Naqsh-e Jahan Square was the site of a large garden known as the Naghsh-e Jahan before it. The area is 165 meters long, more than 500 meters long, and covers an area of about 85,000 square meters.
The parade, polo games, ceremonies and various performances were held during the reign of King Abbas I and his successors. It is reminiscent of the two polished stone gates that remain in the square. Surrounded by this magnificent building is the magnificent palace of Ālī, the head of Qaisariyyah, the mosque of Sheikh Lotfollah and the Abbey Mosque, each of which are magnificent and magnificent Safavid architecture.
Architects and artists of the Naqsh-e Jahan Square
The hands of the artist and creative thinker of our powerful architects, especially Sheikh Baha’i , Master Ali Akbar Esfahani, and Master Mohammad Reza Esfahani, were the creators of the square and its surrounding buildings, including the High Palace of Qapu, the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, the Imam Mosque and the head of Qaisariyeh.
Naqsh-e Jahan Square in the Time of Shah Abbas I
During the reign of King Abbas I, some of the official ceremonies such as the Nowruz celebration and the execution of those sentenced to death were held in the Kusk Square before the present buildings were built. The existing buildings during the reign of Shah Abbas I are believed to be based on various historical sources dating to 1011 AD.
However, from the beginning of the reign of Shah Abbas, the square was expanded to a larger extent than the former Kushk Square, with fireworks and lighting ceremonies. The map of the square may have been inspired by the map of King Hasan Square in Tabriz, two of the professors who designed the square in the present form were Professor Ali Akbar and Mohammad Reza Isfahani. Head to the Abbey Mosque and the altar of Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque is the name of these two masters.
During the construction of the square and later during the Safavid era, the Naqsh-e Jahan Square was active and dynamic, but during the reign of King Suleiman and King Sultan Hussein, the field was gradually prevented.
The stagnation of water atmospheres during the reign of King Sultan Hussein led to the drying of the last trees that King Abbas had planted with his own hands.
The Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan’s Most Oppressed!
This field, like other monuments in Isfahan, was disrupted by Qajar rulers. During the turbulence of Iran from the invasion of Afghanistan to the coming of the Qajar government, parts of the mansion were demolished. During the rule of some local rulers, including Zul Sultan. By the end of the Qajar era, much of the cellar had been demolished, and the tiles of the domes were broken and fragmented, as well as the square in urgent need of reconstruction
There was a garden in the area before the Safavids, called Naqsh-e Jahan. The name of this garden was taken from a town in Azar Bayejan, now called Nakhjavan. Hamdollah Mostofi said of this city: It is good and it is called Naqsh-e Jahan and most of its buildings are brick. ” During Reza Shah period after the reconstruction of the square and surrounding monuments, the official name of the square became Shah Square and also the Abbasi Jame Mosque. The field of Imam or Imam Khomeini Square is the official name of this square in the current period.
The Naqsh-e Jahan Square in the View of Historians
The French tourist known as Dave Lafua, who visited the field in 1298 AH, says: “I do not need to solve an important problem that, like the Greek Pythagoras, tries to do, it is quite clear to me. I can say with complete confidence that there is no building in today’s civilized and urban world that is in any way comparable to the mansion or the beauty of the field. This is not just my personal opinion and opinion because other Europeans who specialize Engineering and architecture are having this view.
Also, the Italian tourist, Pietro Delavale, has the opinion that: The surroundings of this magnificent square are surrounded by harmonious, beautiful buildings that are not interrupted at any point, all the shops are aligned with the streets and All the doors are large and above them the windows and porches create the most beautiful and varied decor of the stunning landscape.
The Naqsh-e Jahan Square in terms of tourists and historians
Fitting in with the architecture and elegance of the field gives it an enormous amount of beauty, and I can say that I prefer Naqsh-e Jahan Square to the taller and richer Navarre Romanesque buildings.
A German Iranologist named Peru Forster Heintz wrote about Naqsh-e Jahan Square : The square is located right in the center of the city. It was built at a time when we do not have the same magnitude and style of architecture and principles of urbanization in the world. Chardan, a well known French landmark in tourism, defines the Naqsh-e jahan Square as a major shopping center (Hamshahri, June 75, 5).
In the book of Iranian Architectural Professor Arthur Pope, concerning the Imam Mosque, he wrote: Although Shah Abbas was impatiently waiting for the mosque to be completed, the mosque was slowly being built, with its marble facade ending in 1638 AD This historic mosque is a mark of Iran’s millennia-old history in mosque construction (Hamshahri, June 75, 5).
Extraordinary architecture and design of the world role square
Alireza Abbasi inscribes a third line in the mosque Alireza, the famous calligrapher of the Safavid era and date to 1025 AH, indicates that King Abbas built this mosque out of his pure and impeccable property and congratulated him on the great ancestral spirit. Shah Tahmaseb himself has donated. At the bottom of this inscription, another inscription, inscribed with Mohammad Reza Emami’s inscription, has been installed in this way by the architectural and engineering official, the architect of the new mosque of Isfahan (opposite the Old Mosque), the master. Ali Akbar Esfahani has been honored and appreciated. The height of the great dome of the mosque is 52 meters and its minarets are 48 meters high and its minarets are in the middle. It is a 42-meter-high globe. Large pieces of intertwined marble and exquisite stones, especially the exquisite western Shabestan Shabestan, dated back to 1095 AH, are among the most spectacular parts of this mosque.
Buildings around the Naqsh-e Jahan Square
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is on the eastern side of the square . The mosque was also built under the command of Shah Abbas I, which began in 1011 and was completed in 1028. Master Mohammad Reza Esfahani was the architect of the mosque, and Ali Reza Abbasi, the well-known calligrapher of the Safavid era, wrote a third chapter there. .
Shah Abbas built the mosque to the honor his father-in-law, Sheikh Lotfullah, who was one of the great Shia scholars and of the people of Jabal Agar and present-day Lebanon. Near the mosque, a school was also built for Sheikh Lotfollah to teach what was unfortunately destroyed. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque Although it does not have minarets and courtyards but it has a large dome with fewer architectural examples, another advantage of this mosque is that it does not have a Qibla problem because it is visible on the eastern side of the Qibla Square from the atrium.